Nuclear development in Indonesia has entered phase one. The development is included in the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) stated that currently, the nuclear power plant is entering the infrastructure development and readiness phase.
Phase one is a nuclear development option in the national energy strategy as stated in Government Regulation Number 79 of 2014.
Now, as the next phase, the Government is ensuring readiness to make commitments to the nuclear development program. The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources has formed a Preparatory Team for the Establishment of a Nuclear Energy Program Implementation Organization (NEPIO).
“Regarding the readiness of nuclear power plant infrastructure, referring to The Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review (INIR) Mission to Review The Status of Indonesia’s National Nuclear Infrastructure by the IAEA (2009), of the 19 items of nuclear energy infrastructure in phase one, 16 items are ready to go to phases two and three. the points are not ready for phase two. The three points include the national position, management (the establishment of NEPIO),” explained the Director of Aneka New Energy and Renewable Energy, Andriah Feby Misna, quoted Wednesday (26/10/2022).
In 2021, the Nuclear Energy Research Organization (ORTN) of the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) together with other stakeholders will carry out an independent update (self-evaluation) regarding the readiness status of 19 aspects of Indonesia’s nuclear power plant development infrastructure. In the 2021 update, these three aspects show better status, especially for aspects of management and stakeholder engagement.
“Aspects of the national position, although the status of 2021 shows a better improvement, it is not yet significant (because it has not been decided to go nuclear and NEPIO has not yet been formed)”, concluded Feby.
Currently, the government is encouraging research and development of new and renewable energy-based power generation technology (EBT) as one of the efforts to achieve the Net Zero Emission (NZE) target by 2060. affordable,” he said.
technology and good engineering practice in the NRE sector will be able to promote the safety and reliability of electrical energy systems at increasingly competitive prices. Therefore, the use of EBT must be carried out massively considering Indonesia has abundant potential for EBT.
In addition to technology, he continued, for the development of NRE-based power plants to be massively developed, access to funding is also needed because the investment in this field is quite large.
“We are trying to get access to cheap funding. In the 2022 G20 Presidency, we are raising the issue of funding to encourage access to clean energy so that the energy transition can be done quickly,” said Feby.