Not Wanting to Follow Europe’s Path, Indonesia Will Soon Finalize AI Regulations

artificial intelligence (ai) and machine learning (photo: envato elements)

The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (Kemenkominfo) is actively working towards the establishment of comprehensive legislation addressing the dynamic landscape of artificial intelligence (AI). With an eye on global developments, Kemenkominfo aims to have these regulations in place before 2026, emphasizing the urgency to avoid potential delays seen in the European Union’s AI regulations, which are set to be effective by 2026.

Usman Kansong, Director General of Public Information and Communication Technology (IKP) at Kemenkominfo, in his presentation at the Media Discussion Forum on AI and Media Sustainability, Monday (29/1/2024), expressed the necessity for timely and robust regulations due to the significant and rapid advancements in the technology.

He highlighted concerns about the unregulated use of AI, including the rise of deepfake technology, copyright infringements, and fraudulent activities, making it imperative to establish effective legal frameworks.

Speaking at a Media Discussion Forum on AI and Media Sustainability, Usman stressed the need for laws that can swiftly adapt to the evolving its landscape.

He underlined the limitations of existing Ministerial Circulars related to AI ethics, which lack the binding enforcement necessary to regulate the burgeoning AI field adequately.

In response to these challenges, Usman revealed ongoing collaboration between the government and the National Research and Intelligence Agency (BRIN) to develop a Presidential Regulation (Perpres) specifically focused on AI. This approach, he mentioned, is deemed faster and more agile in responding to the dynamic nature of its developments.

Looking ahead, Usman outlined the broader strategy of the government, indicating plans to create regulations at various levels, including those below the level of law. This strategy aims to provide a comprehensive regulatory framework that can keep pace with the ever-evolving technology landscape.

In parallel statements, Deputy Minister of Communication and Information Technology (Wamenkominfo) Nezar Patria highlighted the immense economic potential associated with AI.

Its global market is projected to reach US$142.3 billion (approximately Rp2,199 trillion) by 2023, with a significant estimated contribution of US$1 trillion (around Rp15,456 trillion) to ASEAN’s GDP by 2030. Notably, Indonesia is anticipated to contribute around 40% of this substantial economic impact, totaling US$366 billion.

Nezar expressed optimism regarding Indonesia’s capabilities in its development, pointing to the vibrant engagement of the nation in AI-based startups and the overall dynamic and enthusiastic approach towards it in Indonesia. He envisioned Indonesia’s AI sector surpassing that of other nations, including the technologically advanced Singapore.