In the midst of the global environmental crisis triggered by carbon emissions, there has been a remarkable surge in the distribution of electric vehicles (EVs) across the world. Notably, Indonesia, too, has witnessed an upward trend in eco-friendly mobility, with a particular dominance of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).
Recent data from the Indonesian Automotive Industry Association (Gaikindo) has shed light on the prevailing shift towards sustainable transportation in the Indonesian market. The figures for 2021 reveal that out of the total 3,192 electric vehicles sold, a significant majority of 2,472 units, constituting approximately 77.4 percent, were of the HEV variant. This trend continues to persist, with HEVs accounting for 33.03 percent, equivalent to 5,100 units, of the approximately 15,437 electric vehicles sold in the preceding year.
Moreover, during the period from January to May of the current year, the total number of electric vehicles sold reached an impressive 13,455 units. Of these, an overwhelming majority of 65.34 percent, representing around 8,792 units, were HEVs. Such factual data underscores the prevalence of HEVs in the Indonesian market and their dominance over Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs).
When analyzing the pricing and market segments, HEVs have positioned themselves as a practical and accessible choice for consumers. With prices ranging from Rp. 300 million to Rp. 600 million, these vehicles come in various models, catering to diverse preferences and needs, from spacious seven-passenger MPVs to stylish and versatile SUVs.
The adoption of HEV models by manufacturers is a strategic step towards achieving full electrification of the automotive industry. Simultaneously, from the perspective of the market and government, the gradual integration of HEVs plays a pivotal role in steering Indonesia towards a low-emission era and aligning with the visionary objective of Net Zero Emission (NZE) by the year 2060.
Honda Prospect Motor, as the Brand Holder Agent (APM), emphasizes that the path to electric vehicles must commence with HEV technology. To ensure a seamless transition, both infrastructure and component readiness need to be thoroughly established before moving towards fully electric vehicles.
In the words of Yusak Billy, the Business Innovation and Sales & Marketing Director of HPM, the electrification process must be approached with a comprehensive consideration of ecosystem readiness. Thus, Honda’s strategy involves initially introducing hybrid vehicles as a bridge to pave the way for the subsequent launch of BEVs, ensuring that consumer demands and expectations are met with precision.
Similarly, Toyota Group has embarked on a similar journey by introducing full hybrid models such as the locally produced Innova Zenix and the Yaris Cross Hybrid. These models have demonstrated an impressive capacity to significantly reduce carbon emissions. The latest data indicates that products like the Toyota Yaris Cross Hybrid and Innova Zenix Hybrid have the potential to reduce carbon emissions by up to 50 percent compared to their gasoline-engine counterparts. With emissions of approximately 70 grams per kilometer, these advanced hybrid vehicles significantly contribute to environmental preservation.
The endorsement of the transition to electrification through hybrid models has found backing from the Spokesperson of the Ministry of Industry of Indonesia, Febri Hendri Antoni Arif. He firmly believes that hybrid EVs serve as a pivotal stepping stone for Indonesia in embracing fully electric vehicles. This is especially crucial in areas where EV infrastructure, such as charging stations (SPKLU), is still in its developmental stages.
As the automotive landscape of Indonesia witnesses a paradigm shift towards a greener future, the rise of HEVs and their positive impact on emissions reduction undoubtedly play a significant role in propelling the nation towards a more sustainable path. With continued efforts from the automotive industry and collaborative initiatives with the government, the vision of a cleaner and more eco-conscious Indonesia can be brought to fruition, leading the nation into an era of sustainable and responsible mobility.