Indonesia’s struggle with high pollution levels has prompted a substantial surge in health subsidies, reaching an impressive Rp10 trillion. In response to this, the government is swiftly taking measures to adopt the Euro 4 and Euro 5 emission standards, aiming to curb pollution levels and enhance air quality. The anticipated outcomes include more efficient and environmentally friendly practices to mitigate air pollution.
Luhut Pandjaitan, the Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs and Investment, shared insights into this initiative of Euro 4 and Euro 5. He expressed, “The President has directed us to conduct a comprehensive study, and we anticipate having the figures ready for discussion by next week.” These measures are part of a broader strategy to combat the detrimental effects of pollution on public health.
The implementation of Euro 4 involves adhering to the regulations stipulated by the Minister of Environment and Forestry in 2017. These regulations specifically focus on setting emission standards for exhaust gases from new motor vehicles, categorized as Type M, N, and O.
On the environmental front, the European Union has defined six emission standards to address and improve air quality. These standards target the reduction of harmful gases such as carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), hydrocarbons (HC), and other particulate matter (Particulate Matter/PM).
Taking a closer look at the Euro 5 emission standard, it mandates the introduction of a diesel particulate filter (DPF) for all diesel cars and establishes particle limits for direct injection gasoline engines. These measures are integral to creating cleaner and more sustainable transportation systems.
Moving forward, the Euro 6 emission standard brings about a significant reduction of up to 67% in the allowable nitrogen oxide (NOx) levels in diesel fuel. Additionally, it introduces particle limits for gasoline, further contributing to environmental preservation.
Minister of Environment and Forestry Siti Nurbaya Bakar has emphasized the need for Indonesia to transition toward more environmentally friendly emission standards. President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) issued this directive during a Limited Meeting (ratas) at the Presidential Palace in August 2023, focusing on improving air quality in the Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi (Jabodetabek) region.
Bakar stated, “The President stressed the urgency of short-term interventions, including the swift implementation of Euro 5 and Euro 6 regulations for the Jabodetabek area.” This comprehensive approach aims not only to combat pollution but also to pave the way for a more sustainable and healthier environment for the Indonesian populace. The government’s commitment to these initiatives reflects a dedication to both public health and environmental well-being.
As discussions and evaluations continue, the nation anticipates a positive shift towards cleaner air and a more sustainable future. The intersection of environmental preservation, public health, and governmental action positions Indonesia on a trajectory towards a greener and healthier tomorrow.