The summer solstice phenomenon will occur today, Wednesday (21/12). Several myths related to this phenomenon develop in society, one of which is the prohibition to go out at night. Then, what exactly is this solstice?
The summer solstice is an ordinary astronomical phenomenon. It comes from the Latin solstitium, which consists of two words, Sol which means the Sun, and Stitium which means a place to stop. So the Solstice can be interpreted as the solstice.
The National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) explains that the Solstice is caused by the Earth’s axis of rotation which is tilted 23.44 degrees to the plane perpendicular to the ecliptic.
On the solstice that occurs this December, the South Pole and the Southern Hemisphere are tilted toward the Sun. While the North Pole and the Northern Hemisphere point away from the Sun.
In general, the solstice has an impact on the daily apparent motion of the Sun when it rises, rises, and sets, the intensity of the Sun’s radiation received by the Earth’s surface, then affects the length of the day and the length of the night, and impacts the change of seasons.
Regarding the myths that have developed regarding this phenomenon, (BRIN) refutes them and provides a scientific explanation. Through the lapan_ri Instagram account, the impact of the solstice felt by humans is certainly not as narrated in the viral video uploads on social media.
According to BRIN, even though volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and tidal floods occur on the day of the solstice, these phenomena are completely unrelated to the solstice because the solstice is a purely astronomical phenomenon that can also affect climate and seasons on Earth.
While these phenomena are caused by volcanic, seismic, oceanic, and hydrometeorological activities which are separate from one another.
Apart from December now, the Solstice also occurs on June 21, 2022. And next year the Solstice will occur, in the same month, namely June and December 2023.