Raising 2023 Food Production Targets to Prepare for Climate Change


Indonesia is on the way to climate change. Some areas have even entered the dry dry season. For this reason, the government needs to deal with climate change by adjusting the national food production target from the end of 2022 until next year.

The Ministry of Agriculture (Kementan) has an indicative ceiling of IDR 13.72 trillion for the 2023 fiscal year. This is lower than the 2022 ceiling of IDR 14.7 trillion.

The Ministry of Agriculture targets that the production of food commodities in 2023 is:

  • rice 55.39 million tons
  • 23.21 million tons of corn
  • 550 thousand tons of soybeans
  • onion 1.71 million tons
  • chili 2.93 million tons
  • 45.45 thousand tons of garlic
  • 37.15 million tons of sugar cane or the equivalent of 2.6 million tons of white crystal sugar (GKP)
  • coffee 819.95 thousand tons
  • cocoa 782.01 thousand tons
  • beef/buffalo 465.15 thousand tons
  • coconut 2.99 million tons.

Minister of Agriculture Syahrul Yasin Limpo said the phenomenon of climate change was still one of the influential factors for the agricultural sector in Indonesia until the end of 2022.

“Based on the latest BMKG report, 24.56% of Indonesia’s territory has experienced the dry season,” said Syahrul during a working meeting with Commission IV DPR, Thursday (2/6/2022).

Namely in northern and eastern Aceh, the northern coast of Banten, the northern coast of West Java, part of East Java, part of Central Java, part of Bali, most of NTB, NTT, part of South Sulawesi, the eastern part of West Sulawesi, the western part of Central Sulawesi, North Sulawesi southern part, the northern part of West Papua.

“To anticipate the impact of climate change until the end of the year and secure food production, the Ministry of Agriculture has prepared adaptation and mitigation measures. This includes the development of alternative water sources, such as dew, seed propagation, especially drought, and flood-resistant varieties,” said Syahrul.

Despite of Food Production, Tidal Flood Threatens

The tidal flood that hit the northern coast (Pantura) of Central Java (Central Java) and the coast of East Java recently became a relevant fact to encourage and raise awareness of all parties about the various impacts of climate change. Mainly because these impacts often present extreme excesses, such as property damage due to strong winds or flash floods. Other excesses include a decrease in the quality of the environment and a negative impact on public health.

Tidal flooding on the north coast of Central Java is not a new event. Floods are often repeated so it has been anticipated by building embankments. However, recent events seem to present an explanation of the escalating impacts of climate change. Since Monday (23/5), the puddles have spread to several areas for several days.

According to data from the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) until the fourth day or Friday (27/5), almost all regencies and cities along the coast of Central Java were hit by tidal flooding. The affected areas include Brebes Regency, Tegal Regency, Tegal City, Pemalang Regency, Pekalongan Regency, Pekalongan City, Batang Regency, Kendal Regency, Semarang City, Demak Regency, Jepara Regency, Pati Regency and Rembang Regency. In Rembang, the tidal flood damaged many people’s houses with a loss of billions of rupiahs.

From this trend, it can be concluded that the threat of climate change is still looming over life together for the next few years. So, the challenge with him is to create steps and efforts to minimize the adverse impacts of climate change. Experience has taught and shown what forms of impacts and excesses of climate change are.